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Getting started with PED

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Saving the pedigree structure from Input pane

(Please do not miss this paragraph. This is really important)

When you start drawing a pedigree, you are in Input mode. In input mode, relations between all members of a family are displayed. Input mode represents a view of the "inner structure" of a family.

This is in contrast to Edit (layout) mode: In the Edit window, each circle or each square is just what you see: a circle or a square. PED does no longer look at those symbols as members of a family - it is a matrix of lines, circles, squares, and some text.

This is the window where you "fine-tune" your pedigree drawing: Add a legend, a title, more text, line(s) to separate the legend from the pedigree chart, and so on. Here you can draw every possible pedigree; especially those situations that cannot be drawn in input mode, like (marriage) loops, or consanguinity.

Drawings in Edit window cannot be re-imported into input mode

Why ? Just take a look at the following drawing:

Peddy Pedigree - not to be re-imported in input mode

This portrait of Peddy PED has been made exclusively inside the Edit pane. You would not expect this one to be imported in the input window ...

If you plan to use input mode with the same pedigree later on:
Export the pedigree before you leave input mode.

No problem: Just press the Export button in the button bar below the menu bar. A dialog will open:

Export pedigree from Input pane

Choose PED Input (*.PIP) file, and save the pedigree.
For a test, clear the input window (Menu Input Window -- Clear). Now press the Import button, and choose the PIP file you just exported. Everything should be like before - well, not exactly:

A pedigree exported as a PIP, TXT, or CSV file does not save any layout information. Symbols, any text, IDs and so on are preserved, but not the extra space added between members. Just go back to the previous page to see how members can be moved in Input pane.

Paste pedigree to the Edit (layout) window

Now, since we know the difference between the input and edit mode, we can proceed to the edit window: Paste your pedigree from input to the edit window:

Paste pedigree to edit window

Confirm (press yes), and now you see your pedigree in the edit window:

The pedigree displaed in the edit window

The Edit window basics

Before we continue, let's take a closer look at the Edit window:

Clear the Edit window: File menu -- New. We see a grid with empty cells. To minimize the grid:

Edit menu -- Remove blank borders.

An empty edit pane

Now select the white square in the top symbol row, and then click at the top left cell in the edit pane:

Select a symbol, and place it in a cell

Place a female symbol in the top right cell, and an "unknown" symbol in the center bottom row:

some more basic symbols

Now choose a "T" line, and place it beween the two upper symbols:

a line between the symbols

Click at the vertical line button, then inside the cell just above the "unknown" symbol:

add a vertical line

This is our simple pedigree. Lines are just above the symbols. To tidy up the drawing press [Ctrl] + R, or select the appropriate menu item:

lines crossing tidy

This is the final most simple pedigree:

most simple pedigree

In edit (layout) mode, you can only draw inside the grid. To add more cells: click just beside the grid where you need more cells. To delete a cell content: Select the empty button and click on the cell where you want to delete the symbol inside the cell:

erase a cell

The edit window is much like a spreadsheet

In the following pedigree drawing the colors have been changed (Menu Edit -- Colors -- Background / Lines)

Pedigree with background color changed

The symbols and lines have been drawn by

  1. a click at the appropriate (human or line) symbol in the two-rows symbol bar at the top of the window
  2. a click at a cell in the window where the symbol is to be placed

Longer lines can be drawn by using Free lines (Menu Edit -- Draw Free Line) or pressing [Ctrl]+F). Now we want to insert an additional row just below the top row.

Press [Ctrl]+A to select a row (or at least a complete cell of a row)

Edit menu: select area

A cross hair cursor will be shown. To select the second cell in the second row:

  1. Move the cursor inside the first cell of the first row
  2. press the left mouse button, and with the mouse button still down
  3. move the cross hair cursor to the third cell in the third row

a cell is being selected

Now the second cell in the second row is selected:

cell selected

To insert a row just above the selected cell:

Menu Edit: Insert row

Now there is an empty row just below the top row:

empty row inserted

We should re-connect parents and children:
Press [Ctrl]+F to select Free lines drawing mode (or choose this menu item from the Edit menu) and place the crosshair cursor between the parents. Press the left mouse button. With the mouse button still down, move the mouse to the female child symbol, and release the mouse.

draw a free line   line inserted

Just like with a spreadsheet you can copy / cut / paste ...

Always select an area first ([Ctrl]+A)

the edit menu

... or insert / delete cells, columns, or rows

(Again, select an area first ([Ctrl]+A))

insert or delete columns, rows, or cells

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